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Established as a precolonial polity in 1796, Dakar is located on the peninsula of Senegal’s central coastline. In 1857 it was used as a fort site by the French and, since independence from French colonial rule, stands today as Senegal’s capital city. Dakar also remains the only city or site where a precolonial lineage of ruling Lebu Muslim clerics, called the Sëriñ Ndakarou, survives in Senegal.

Sources Cited
Eric S. Ross, Culture and Customs of Senegal, [London: Greenwood Press], xiv and 8.