ENG ME 720
Wave equation in cylindrical and spherical co-ordinate systems. Propagation in waveguides. Diffraction: the Rayleigh integral and the Helmholtz-Kirchhoff integral. Green's function and angular spectrum methods. Diffraction of sound beams: Guassian beams, unfocused and focused sources, and arrays. Diffraction by apertures, discs and wedges. Scattering of sound; Rayleigh scattering, scattering cross-section, elastic scatters. Propagation in inhomogeneous media: rays, the eikonal equation, the Blokhintzev invariant and the acoustic field near caustics. Absorption and dispersion of acoustic waves. Transmission and reflection at a fluid-solid interface.