BA in European Studies

European Studies is a major offered by the Pardee School of Global Studies to students enrolled in the College of Arts & Sciences.

Boston University’s European Studies Program combines a unifying regional focus with a multidisciplinary approach, enabling students to bring together courses that develop their language skills; social, historical, and cultural knowledge; and political, economic, and international relations expertise. The ten-course interdisciplinary major draws on the resources of 13 College of Arts & Sciences (CAS) departments and on Boston University Study Abroad programs in England, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Spain, and Switzerland. Students study Europe’s cultural heritage; its political, economic, military, and religious histories; its literature, music, film, and philosophy; as well as its recent emergence as a new kind of international form through the European Union.

Requirements

The major in European Studies requires ten 4-credit Principal Courses.

Students majoring in European Studies specialize in one of three tracks (see below for each track’s course listings):

  • Track 1: European Arts and Literature
  • Track 2: European History, Philosophy, and Religion
  • Track 3: European Politics and Society

Ten Principal Courses

  • Five courses, covering at least two countries, in the track of specialization
  • Two courses from each of the two remaining tracks (total of four courses)
  • A multidisciplinary capstone course, usually taken in the senior year

Ten separate and distinct courses with a grade of C or higher are required for a major in European studies. Three of these ten principal courses must be at an advanced level (400 or above). No more than five of the courses may be in a single discipline. Although the focus of the European studies major is on the modern and contemporary period (eighteenth–twenty-first centuries), students, with their advisor’s permission, may choose to substitute up to two courses from the Middle Ages through the seventeenth century.

A minimum of five courses for the major must be taken in the College of Arts & Sciences (Charles River Campus). With advisor approval, up to five courses taken in Europe, with the exception of internships, may be applied toward requirements for the major.

Required Related Language Courses

Knowledge (written and spoken) of a European language other than English through at least the sixth-semester level is required of all European studies majors. This requirement may be satisfied by successful completion of language courses numbered 304 or higher in French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, or Russian (or their equivalents abroad) or demonstration of equivalent proficiency in another European language.

Required Complementary Minor or Second Major

All students majoring in European studies are required to complete at least a minor, and are encouraged to complete a second major, in a related humanities or social sciences discipline, from among the following:

  • English
  • History
  • History of Art & Architecture
  • International Relations
  • Modern Languages & Comparative Literature (Comparative Literature, German, Russian)
  • Music
  • Philosophy
  • Political Science
  • Religion
  • Romance Studies (French, Italian, Spanish)
  • Sociology

Double majoring in a complementary humanities or social science discipline, while not required, is encouraged and can be accomplished in four years with careful planning.

Study Abroad

A wealth of annual course offerings in 13 CAS departments makes it possible to complete all requirements for the European studies major without leaving Boston. However, the major is designed to accommodate and encourage study in Europe through Boston University’s Study Abroad programs in England, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Spain, and Switzerland.

Tracks and Courses

(See department course listings for full descriptions. Unless otherwise noted, all courses are 4 credit hours)

1. European Arts and Literature

  • CAS AH 287 The Nineteenth Century
  • CAS AH 295 History of Photography
  • CAS AH 380 Romanticism in Europe
  • CAS AH 382 Nineteenth-Century Architecture
  • CAS AH 391 Twentieth-Century Art to 1940
  • CAS AH 392 Twentieth-Century Art from 1940 to 1980
  • CAS AH 393 Contemporary Art: 1980 to Now
  • CAS AH 398 Twentieth-Century Architecture
  • CAS AH 482 Seminar: Nineteenth-Century Art
  • CAS AH 540 Europe and the Islamic World: Medieval and Early-Modern Cultural Exchange
  • CAS AH 583 English Country House and America’s Cottages
  • CAS CC 202 Core Humanities IV: From the Enlightenment to Modernity
  • CAS EN 323 British Literature II
  • CAS EN 355, 356 Modern Drama I and II
  • CAS EN 530 The Romantic Age
  • CAS EN 531 Victorian Literature 1
  • CAS EN 532 Victorian Literature 2
  • CAS EN 535 Twentieth-Century British and Irish Poetry
  • CAS EN 543 The Nineteenth-Century British Novel
  • CAS EN 544 The Modern British Novel
  • CAS EN 568 Studies in British Literature (variable topics)
  • CAS EN 570 Studies in British Literary Movements (variable topics)
  • CAS EN 578 Studies in British Writers (variable topics)
  • CAS EN 589 Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Fiction
  • CAS LF 350 Introduction to the Analysis of French Texts
  • CAS LF 351 Introduction to the French Novel
  • CAS LF 356 Le Cinéma Français
  • CAS LF 453 The French Enlightenment (variable topics)
  • CAS LF 455 Studies in Nineteenth-Century French Literature
  • CAS LF 460 Twentieth-Century French Literature II
  • CAS LF 475 Senior Seminar
  • CAS LF 550 Studies in Eighteenth-Century French Literature
  • CAS LF 551 Modern French Theatre
  • CAS LF 554 Émile Zola and Naturalism
  • CAS LF 555 The Epistolary Novel
  • CAS LF 556 French Cinema and Literature
  • CAS LF 558 Colonial Fictions: Modern French Writing and the Colonies
  • CAS LF 570 Topics in Twentieth-Century/Twenty-First-Century French Literature (variable topics)
  • CAS LF 571 Topics in Nineteenth-Century French Literature (variable topics)
  • CAS LG 250 Masterpieces of German Literature (in English translation)
  • CAS LG 280 Topics in German Ideas and Authors (in English translation) (variable topics)
  • CAS LG 282 Marx, Nietzsche, Freud (in English translation)
  • CAS LG 283 The Faust Tradition
  • CAS LG 325 German History and Culture through Film
  • CAS LG 340 Topics in German Civilization (variable topics)
  • CAS LG 350 Introduction to German Literature
  • CAS LG 387 Weimar Cinema (taught in English)
  • CAS LG 450 Origins of German Culture
  • CAS LG 452 The Age of Reason and Revolution
  • CAS LG 453 Romanticism
  • CAS LG 454 Nineteenth-Century German Literature
  • CAS LG 455 Twentieth Century Culture: Before 1945
  • CAS LG 456 Twentieth Century Culture: Since 1945
  • CAS LG 461 German Poetry
  • CAS LI 283 Twentieth-Century Culture and the Italian Film (in English translation)
  • CAS LI 288 The Novel in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Italy (in English translation)
  • CAS LI 352 Italian Literature III: Modern Period
  • CAS LI 450 The Novel in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Italy
  • CAS LI 453 Autobiography and the Confessional Novel
  • CAS LI 459/RN 459/XL 459 Primo Levi Within Holocaust Literature
  • CAS LI 473 The Masters of Italian Cinema
  • CAS LI 590 Topics in Modern Italian Literature and Criticism
  • CAS LR 250 Masterpieces of Russian Prose (in English translation)
  • CAS LR 280 Dostoyevsky (in English translation)
  • CAS LR 281 Tolstoy (in English translation)
  • CAS LR 282 Russian Prose Classics of the Twentieth Century (in English translation)
  • CAS LR 285 Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky (in English translation)
  • CAS LR 350 Introduction to Analysis of Russian Prose Texts
  • CAS LR 441 Contemporary Russian Press
  • CAS LR 442 Russian Media
  • CAS LR 443 Contemporary Russian Culture
  • CAS LR 455 Chekhov
  • CAS LR 456 Topics in Twentieth-Century Russian Literature
  • CAS LS 350 Introduction to Analysis of Hispanic Texts
  • CAS LS 454 Survey of Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Spanish Literature
  • CAS LS 504 History of the Spanish Language
  • CAS LS 552 Lorca and his Contemporaries
  • CAS LS 559 The Spanish Civil War in Literature
  • CAS LS 561 The Generation of 1898
  • CAS LS 564 Spanish Realism
  • CAS LS 566 Spanish Romanticism
  • CAS LS 574 Literature and Politics in Post-Franco Spain (1975–2000)
  • CAS LS 575 Topics in Peninsular Literature (variable topics)
  • CAS MU 229 Masterpieces of Opera
  • CAS MU 230 Mozart
  • CAS XL 222 Introduction to Comparative Literature: Western Literature (in English translation)
  • CAS XL 281/RN 385 Holocaust Literature and Film (in English translation)
  • CAS XL 351/LG 283 The Faust Tradition
  • CAS XL 383/LI 555/RN 555 Dante’s Hell (in English translation)
  • CAS XL 520 Theory of the Novel
  • CAS XL 540 Theory and Practice of Literary Translation
  • CFA MH 211/212 History and Literature of Music 1 & 2
  • CFA MH 324 Classical Music (3 cr)
  • CFA MH 325 Romantic Music (3 cr)
  • CFA MH 326 Music After 1900 (3 cr)
  • CFA MH 343 Ludwig van Beethoven (2 or 4 cr)
  • CFA MH 424 Classical Music (4 cr)
  • CFA MH 425 Romantic Music (4 cr)
  • CFA MH 426 Music After 1900 (4 cr)

The following variable topics courses in literature and the arts may sometimes be credited toward the European studies major, but only, with advisor approval, when the topic is developed through central focus on European works, contexts, issues, movements, and engagements:

  • CAS AH 421 Undergraduate Seminar: Modern Architecture
  • CAS AH 494 Seminar: Photography
  • CAS AH 495 Seminar: Twentieth-Century Art
  • CAS AH 497 Seminar: Contemporary Art
  • CAS AH 520 The Museum and Historical Agency
  • CAS AH 585 Twentieth-Century Architecture and Urbanism
  • CAS EN 574 Studies in Literary Genres
  • CAS EN 575/576 Studies in Literature and Gender
  • CAS EN 582 Studies in Modern Literature
  • CAS EN 584 Studies in Literature and Ethnicity
  • CAS EN 586 Studies in Anglophone Literature
  • CAS EN 590 Studies in Comparative Literature
  • CAS EN 591/592 Studies in Literature and Society
  • CAS EN 593/594 Studies in Literature and the Arts
  • CAS EN 595/596 Studies in Literary Topics
  • CAS EN 598 Studies in Contemporary Literature
  • CAS LF 569 Topics in Francophone Writing
  • CAS LS 579 Topics in Hispanic Cinemas
  • CAS XL 310/CL 310 Classical and Modern Literature
  • CAS XL 381 Topics in Gender and Literature (in English translation)
  • CAS XL 430 Topics in Literary Influence
  • CAS XL 556 Topics in Literature and Culture
  • CFA MH 334 Interdisciplinary Topics in Music History (3 cr)
  • CFA MH 427 Special Topics in Music History

2. European History, Philosophy, and Religion

  • AN 316 Contemporary European Ethnography
  • AN 515 Authenticity and Identity
  • CAS CC 203 Core Social Science I: Foundations of the Social Sciences
  • CAS HI 215/PO 393 The European Enlightenment
  • CAS HI 217 History of Europe, 1815–1914
  • CAS HI 220 The Culture of World War I
  • CAS HI 221/PO 394 Catastrophe & Memory
  • CAS HI 226 Cities and Cultures
  • CAS HI 247 The Making of Modern Britain
  • CAS HI 248 Modern Britain, 1867­­–Present
  • CAS HI 254 History of Ireland
  • CAS HI 266 French Revolution and Napoleon
  • CAS HI 272 The History of Imperial Russia
  • CAS HI 273 The History of the Soviet Union
  • CAS HI 274 Topics in Modern Russian and Soviet History, 1861–1956
  • CAS HI 275 History of the Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe
  • CAS HI 317 Nineteenth-Century European Thought and Culture
  • CAS HI 358 Twentieth-Century European Thought and Culture
  • CAS HI 360/AA 380 European Dimensions of the Black Diaspora
  • CAS HI 417 England from Reformation to Revolution
  • CAS HI 424 Communism, 1789–1989
  • CAS HI 434 Monarchy in Modern Britain
  • CAS HI 440 Refugee Intellectuals (1933–1950)
  • CAS LF 453 The French Enlightenment (variable topics)
  • CAS LG 282 Marx, Nietzsche, Freud (in English translation)
  • CAS PH 248 Existentialism
  • CAS PH 310 History of Modern Philosophy
  • CAS PH 410 Continental Rationalism
  • CAS PH 411 British Empiricism
  • CAS PH 412/HI 514/PO 592 Philosophy of the Enlightenment
  • CAS PH 413 Kant
  • CAS PH 415 Nineteenth-Century Philosophy
  • CAS PH 416 Hegel
  • CAS PH 418/PO 498 Marx and Marxism
  • CAS PH 419 Nietzsche
  • CAS PH 423 History of the Vienna Circle
  • CAS PH 424 Wittgenstein
  • CAS PH 426 Phenomenology
  • CAS PH 427 Heidegger and Existential Philosophy
  • CAS PH 453/PO 495 Theories of Political Society
  • CAS RN 328 Judaism in the Modern Period
  • CAS RN 329 Modern Jewish Thought
  • CAS RN 344 Islam and the West
  • CAS RN 374 The Church and the Jews
  • CAS RN 384 The Holocaust
  • CAS RN 470 Topics in Medieval Religious Culture (variable topics)
  • CAS RN 577/578/583/584 Literature of Memory III–VI

3. European Politics and Society

  • CAS HI 208: Renaissance Europe
  • CAS HI 209: The Reformation: Religious Conflict in Early Modern Europe
  • CAS HI 210: Europe Between Renaissance and Revolution
  • CAS HI 212: Early Modern Europe, 1715–90
  • CAS HI 215/PO 393 The European Enlightenment
  • CAS HI 216: The Second Sex in European History
  • CAS HI 218 Power and Authority in Europe since World War I
  • CAS HI 221/PO 394 Catastrophe & Memory
  • CAS HI 247 The Making of Modern Britain
  • CAS HI 248 Modern Britain, 1867–Present
  • CAS HI 266 French Revolution and Napoleon
  • CAS HI 270 Twentieth-Century Germany
  • CAS HI 272 The History of Imperial Russia
  • CAS HI 273 The History of the Soviet Union
  • CAS HI 274 Topics in Modern Russian and Soviet History, 1861–1956
  • CAS HI 275 History of the Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe
  • CAS HI 317 Nineteenth-Century European Thought and Culture
  • CAS HI 358 Twentieth-Century European Thought and Culture
  • CAS HI 340 History of Modern Diplomacy: Institutions, Practices, and Principles, 1400–1919
  • CAS HI 360/AA 380 European Dimensions of the Black Diaspora
  • CAS HI 414: Society and Culture in Early Modern Europe
  • CAS HI 417 England from Reformation to Revolution
  • CAS HI 425: Women and Gender in Early Modern Europe
  • CAS HI 426 Music and Ideas from Mozart to the Jazz Age
  • CAS HI 430 Comparative European Fascism
  • CAS HI 434 Monarchy in Modern Britain
  • CAS HI 435 Histories of Human Rights
  • CAS HI/IR 436 The Great War and the Fragile Peace
  • CAS HI 440 Refugee Intellectuals (1933–1950)
  • CAS HI 443 Jews and Germans
  • CAS HI 446 Revolutionary Russia
  • CAS HI 537 World War II: Causes, Course, Consequences
  • CAS IR 250/PO 343 Europe and International Relations
  • CAS IR 325/HI 229 The Great Powers and the Eastern Mediterranean
  • CAS IR 341/HI 278 Central Europe
  • CAS IR 363/PO 370 Soviet Politics 1917–91
  • CAS IR 364/PO 371 Politics of Post-Communist Russia
  • CAS IR 375/PO 372 Introduction to Russian and Post-Soviet Foreign Relations
  • CAS IR 536/GE 536 European Environmental Policy
  • CAS IR/HI 538 France, Europe, and the World: The History of French Foreign Relations in Modern Times
  • CAS IR 539 State-Formation and Nation-Building in Southeastern Europe: From Byzantium to Brussels
  • CAS IR 541 Russia’s International Policies I
  • CAS IR 542 The Reemergence of Russia
  • CAS IR 543 The Changing Face of Eastern Europe
  • CAS IR 545 Central/East European Diplomatic History, 1814–1918
  • CAS IR 549/PO 545 Politics and International Relations of the Federal Republic of Germany
  • CAS IR 550/PO 535 European Integration
  • CAS IR 551/PO 536 Social Europe: Identity, Citizenship, and the Welfare State
  • CAS IR 552/PO 544 Nordic Europe
  • CAS IR 558/PO 540 Turkey and the European Union: The History and Contemporary Aspects of Turkey’s European Path
  • CAS IR 589/PO 582 North Atlantic/European Security Issues
  • CAS IR 596/PO 529 Globalization and Contemporary Capitalism in Advanced Industrialized Nations
  • CAS LF 340 France Past to Postmodern: French Civilization Through Film
  • CAS LF 341 Topics in Contemporary French Culture
  • CAS LG 325 Modern German History and Culture Through Film
  • CAS LG 340 Topics in German Civilization (variable topics)
  • CAS LI 340 Culture and Civilization in Italy
  • CAS LI 349 Italian Seminar: Social, Political, and Cultural Life of Today’s Italy
  • CAS LR 441 Contemporary Russian Press
  • CAS LR 443 Contemporary Russian Culture
  • CAS PH 453/PO 495 Theories of Political Society
  • CAS PO 221/IR 359 British Political Institutions
  • CAS PO 324/IR 340 Comparative Public Policy
  • CAS PO 341/IR 362 European Politics
  • CAS PO 392 Modern Political Theory
  • CAS PO 537/IR 537 The British Political System
  • CAS SO 203 Introduction to Sociological Theories
  • CAS SO 246 Sociology of Market Transitions
  • KHC HI 102: The Culture of World War I

4. Capstone Courses

  • CAS AH 585 Twentieth-Century Architecture and Urbanism (variable topics)
  • CAS HI 426 Music and Ideas from Mozart to the Jazz Age
  • CAS HI 538/IR 538 France, Europe, and the World: The History of French Foreign Relations in Modern Times
  • CAS IR 452/PO 539 Topics in European Politics and Culture
  • CAS IR 500 Topics in International Relations (variable topics)
  • CAS LL 430 Topics in Literary Influence (variable topics)

Note: Courses not listed above may fulfill European Studies Program requirements with prior approval from the program director.