Dr. Keith Pilbeam holds a PhD in economics from the European University Institute in Florence. He is a professor of international economics and finance at City University, London. He is an examiner for a number of institutions and acts as a consultant to the Foreign Office on international economic issues. He is the author two widely used books, International Finance (2006) and Finance and Financial Markets (2005). He is president of the International Economics and Finance Society (UK), http://www.iefs.org.uk and treasurer of the European Economics and finance Society www.eefs.eu. He has published research papers in leading economics journals such as Oxford Economic Papers, the International Journal of Finance and Economics, Applied Economics and the Journal of Economic Integration.